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Functionality of handpump water supplies : a review of data from sub-Saharan Africa and the Asia-Pacific region

Handpumps are heavily relied upon for drinking water in rural areas of low- and middle-income countries, but their operation and maintenance remain problematic. This review presents updated and expanded handpump functionality estimates for 47 countries in sub-Saharan Africa and the Asia-Pacific region. Our results suggest that approximately one in four handpumps in sub-Saharan Africa are non-functional at any point in time, which in 2015 was roughly equivalent to 175,000 inoperative water points. Functionality statistics for Asia-Pacific countries vary widely, but data gaps preclude a robust region-wide estimate. In spite of data inconsistencies and imperfections, the results illustrate the persistent and widespread nature of rural water supply sustainability concerns.

TitleFunctionality of handpump water supplies : a review of data from sub-Saharan Africa and the Asia-Pacific region
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsFoster, T., Furey, S., Banks, B., Willetts, J.
Secondary TitleInternational journal of water resources development
Volume35
Issue3
Pagination1-15: 1 fig., 3 tab.
Date Published03/2019
Publication LanguageEnglish
Keywordsstatistics
Abstract

Handpumps are heavily relied upon for drinking water in rural areas of low- and middle-income countries, but their operation and maintenance remain problematic. This review presents updated and expanded handpump functionality estimates for 47 countries in sub-Saharan Africa and the Asia-Pacific region. Our results suggest that approximately one in four handpumps in sub-Saharan Africa are non-functional at any point in time, which in 2015 was roughly equivalent to 175,000 inoperative water points. Functionality statistics for Asia-Pacific countries vary widely, but data gaps preclude a robust region-wide estimate. In spite of data inconsistencies and imperfections, the results illustrate the persistent and widespread nature of rural water supply sustainability concerns.

Notes

doi: 10.1080/07900627.2018.1543117

DOI10.1080/07900627.2018.1543117
Short TitleInternational Journal of Water Resources Development