Issues surrounding associations set up to strengthen rural water systems.
In 2011 the Ministry of Water and Environment adopted a strategy of establishing district based Hand Pump Mechanics Associations (HPMAs) to strengthen Operation and Maintenance of rural water systems and increase functionality of rural water sources. This briefing note raises the key issues surrounding the operationalisation of HPMA.
However, operationalisation of the HPMAs has been mired by several issues including size of available maintenance works, institutional capacity, financing HPMA operations among others.
You can download the note from the link below.